In the acute phase of an emergency, diarrhoeal diseases still cause 40% of deaths of which 80% are children. Washing hands with soap and water can reduce the risk of spreading disease by around 45%, so interventions that are successful in promoting an enabling hand-washing could save millions of lives.
Huge resources – time and money – are spent each year on the purchase of sanitation materials and the building of latrines. However, until now there has been no readily available, low cost, approved kit to provide hand-washing in emergencies.
In a project, supported by the Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), Dunster House Ltd. is working as a manufacturer partner of Oxfam GB, along with the design partners Royal College of Art, Church Communities UK, and a small group of Design Specialists.
Our Hand Washing Kit is currently being tested in Kibondo, Tanzania, at the Nduta Refugee Camp, with high acceptance within the local community. This pre-production model is about to be launch in Brussels at the major humanitarian fair, Aidex 2017, on the 15th and 16th of November.
The main features of the Hand Washing Kit
The Hand Washing Station is designed to be easily transportable, robust and a quick to assemble
structure, whilst also being attractive and easy to maintain.
The large 30 litre water container is easy to refill, while its user-friendly, one-touch push-up tap keeps disease spreading contact points to a minimum and conserves water. It also features colourful components and mirrors, which serve as nudges to encourage a more frequent use across all the ages.
The legs of the structure can easily be cut to set a height for children, while some spaces are reserved to display hygiene promotion messages to encourage use.
The sink tray is provided with soap dishes and a drainage pipe to improve the washing experience and ensure that waste water soaks away.
The expected results
The kit will facilitate better access to handwashing for people across all the ages living in situations of humanitarian crisis. The station, which is easy to use, transport and install, will increase handwashing rates and therefore lower incidence of related diseases.
Millions of pounds are invested in emergency sanitation each year, through the purchase of
latrines, squatting plates and other first response products. However, until now there was no readily available,
standardised, and effective kit for hand-washing. The Hand Washing Kit has been designed to fill this hygiene gap, satisfying the basic need for effective, readily available water and sanitation facilities in times of crisis.